Behavioral Finance

June 2016

More than 30 million Americans are projected to retire in the next decade – and most have not saved nearly enough for retirement. Moreover, almost half of all Social Security recipients claim benefits at the earliest possible age (62), which can greatly reduce their total lifetime benefits.

May 2016

More than 30 million Americans are projected to retire in the next decade – and most have not saved nearly enough for retirement. Moreover, almost half of all Social Security recipients claim benefits at the earliest possible age (62), which can greatly reduce their total lifetime benefits.

December 2015

As employer-sponsored savings vehicles, like 401(k)s, become a major source of retirement income for millions of Americans, personal biases can have an outsized impact on retirement security.

November 2015

Delaying increased contributions to a retirement plan can actually boost retirement savings, but it all depends on how the delay is positioned.

November 2015

As employer-sponsored savings vehicles like 401(k)s become a major source of retirement income for millions of Americans, personal biases can have an outsized impact on retirement security.

September 2013

We conduct and analyze two large surveys of hypothetical annuitization choices. We find that allowing individuals to annuitize a fraction of their wealth increases annuitization relative to a situation where annuitization is an “all or nothing” decision. Very few respondents choose declining real payout streams over flat or increasing real payout streams of equivalent expected present value. Highlighting the effects of inflation increases demand for cost of living adjustments. Frames that focus on flexibility, control, and investment risk significantly reduce annuitization.

August 2013

Financial product ratings are intended to summarize relevant information in a manner that assists in decision-making, but may be harmful. Ratings are often assigned within categories; ratings across categories may not be comparable. We assess the effect of ratings in an experiment where subjects always have complete information about the characteristics of the investments, they repeatedly make investment decisions, and there is minimial computational burden. Although ratings supply no information, categorized ratings affect investment decisions and harm performance.

July 2013

Given the widespread transition from defined benefit (DB) to defined contribution (DC) retirement plans, Americans increasingly face the challenge of assessing whether their saving behavior is likely to provide a secure retirement. Appropriate saving choices in one’s working years requires understanding how current saving choices translate into income in retirement, which requires a high level of financial sophistication.

January 2013

Annuities are not popular despite providing valuable insurance against outliving one’s savings. The resistance to annuities is called the “annuitization puzzle.” We conducted and analyzed two large surveys asking Americans to make hypothetical annuitization choices in order to explore some of the factors that influence consumer attitudes toward annuitization, focusing on product design and how choices are presented (i.e., “framed”). We find that allowing individuals to annuitize a fraction of their wealth increases annuitization relative to making an all-or-nothing annuitization decision.